Ethiopia is the only African country that was never colonized.
One of the oldest nations in the world, Ethiopia is the cradle of humanity and religion.
All the three major religions, Christianity, Islam and Jewish have a very very long history in Ethiopia.
Ethiopia is the second oldest Christian country in the World only after Armenia.
Ethiopia is home of the fourth holiest place for Muslims, Harrar after Meca, Medina and Jerusalem.
Unique among African countries, the ancient Ethiopian monarchy maintained its freedom from
colonial rule, one exception being the Italian occupation of 1936-41.
In 1974 a military junta, the Derg, deposed Emperor Haile SELASSIE
(who had ruled since 1930) and established a socialist state. Torn by bloody coups, uprisings,
wide-scale drought, and massive refugee problems, the regime was finally toppled by a
coalition of rebel forces, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), in 1991.
A constitution was adopted in 1994 and Ethiopia's first multiparty elections were held in 1995.
A two and a half year border war with Eritrea ended with a peace treaty on 12 December 2000.
Final demarcation of the boundary is currently on hold due to Ethiopian objections to
an international commission's finding requiring it to surrender sensitive territory.
Ethiopia has a total of 1,127,127 sq KM bigger than France and Spain combined.
Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea,
on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan.
The country has a high central plateau that varies from 1,800 to 3,000 m (6,000 to 10,000 ft) above sea level,
with some mountains reaching 4,620 m (15,158 ft). Elevation is generally highest just before the point of descent
to the Great Rift Valley, which splits the plateau diagonally. A number of rivers cross the plateau --
notably the Blue Nile rising from Lake Tana. The plateau gradually slopes to the lowlands of the Sudan on the
west and the Somali-inhabited plains to the southeast.
The climate is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. At Addis Ababa, which ranges from
2,200 to 2,600 m (7,000 to 8,500 ft), maximum temperature is 26 °C (80 °F) and minimum 4 °C (40 °F).
The weather is usually sunny and dry with the short (belg) rains occurring February-April and the big
(meher) rains beginning in mid-June and ending in mid-September.